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The World Bank is the first MDB. It was born out of a commanding requisite for rebuilding the war-ravaged countries after World War II.  The big aim of the World Bank was to restore these economies and reconstruct the industrial infrastructure among the affected countries.

After the birth of The World Bank, at the end of 1950’s and during the 1960’s, other MDBs were created. The African Development Bank, The Asian Development Bank, The Caribbean Development Bank and The Inter – American Development Bank had the sole objective of sustaining the economic development and the social progress of the less developed countries of the world.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development was created in 1991 to nurture the transformation of the centrally planned economies of East European Countries into market economies. Thus, the original idea to create MDBs and their role today is more of development institutions bridging the gap between the advanced and backward economies.

Lending for MDBs is a vehicle for policy change and to promote development goals like poverty reduction, human development and so on. For a sustained growth in emerging countries there is a prerequisite for a long-term, reliable capital to finance productive investment that includes basic infrastructure.

But the availability and composition of long-term financing is constrained partly due to fragile market conditions and cyclical weaknesses in parts of the global economy as well as longer-term trends. This has had a particularly negative impact on emerging countries that do not have reliable access to international capital markets and on sectors that have traditionally relied on bank lending (such as infrastructure).

At the same time, fiscal space has been eroded by the financial crisis. However, the direct lending capacity of MDBs remains unconstrained. This heightens the importance of the catalytic role of the official sector in mobilizing long-term financing from the private sector by drawing on its ability to reduce and share risk. The MDBs are equipped to serve this purpose.

The MDBs are designed to promote and support public and private investments. At the same time they endorse sustainable growth of emerging countries by reducing poverty and inequality across the globe.

Furthermore, MDBs also provide financial support to companies investing in emerging countries through a broad range of financial instruments. This includes equity, loans, trade finance, structured finance, syndications and investment insurance.

 
African Developmental Bank Asian Development Bank Caribean Development Bank
     
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development FAO The Inter – American Development Bank
     
UNDP UNESCO UNIDO
     
United Nation UNOPS The World Bank
 
 
 
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